An “ICO,” is known to be an initial coin offering, which happens when a startup raises funds for its new cryptocurrency by selling tokens of its digital coin in exchange for legal tender or other cryptocurrencies, Mainly bitcoin. ICOs are good but I think they are much failure in the regulations in place which makes ICOs risky.
Discovering how risky ICOs are according to TokenData that tracked the last year ICOs,
stated” that 902 cryptocurrency ICOs were formed in 2017, 142 failed before raising any funds, and 276 failed after fundraising. Those figures combined work out to a 46 percent failure rate, despite raising over $104 million.
Still, on ICO, another 113 ICOs fall under the “semi-failed” section, It may be as a result of the startup not communicating on social media or the community dangled to the stage where it has no chance of success. Probably those figures into the pile and the failure rate rises to 59%
Furthermore, a startup company introduced a plan Before the born of ICO, the plan of the business was explained on a white paper which includes, The purpose of the project, the amount of funds needed to accomplish the project, distribution of funds raised, will they allow fiat money or crypto money and the duration of ICO.
Encouragers of the startup company can purchase coins with fiat money or digital currency during the Initial Coin Offering.
As the case may be if the ICO failed to reach the minimum funds required by the company, the ICO will be considered unsuccessful and the funds will be refunded to buyers or supporters.
The Intention of buyers, Is the belief that the ICOs project will be a success after it is finalized and that the value of the coin that was bought will increase.
The Ethereum smart contracts platform is a good example of a profitable ICOs, Ethereum ICOs raised $18million in bitcoins or $0.40 per Ether ( Ethereum’s coin ) After launching the project in the year 2015, the value of Ether moved to $14.
Earlier On, an analyst with Goldman Sachs predicted that most cryptocurrencies will fall to a zero valuation.
“Whether any of today’s cryptocurrencies will survive over the long run seems unlikely to me, although parts of them may evolve and survive,” Goldman Sachs analyst Steve Strongin said. “Because of the lack of intrinsic value, the currencies that don’t survive will most likely trade to zero.”
According to Strongin, not even being one of the first affords an advantage. He points out that very few companies from the internet bubble of the late 1990s went on to become more valuable.
A couple of years ago ICOs were very successful while some were unsuccessful and Scam.
Types of ICOs (Initial Coin Offering)
- Turn and Burn: A group of individuals come up with a pseudo company or no company as well, scrape together a white paper then move straight into a token sale lunch with some basic idea. The problem here is that they may have less knowledge to pull it off, don’t need blockchain to build their product, or have no intention of delivering a live product.
- Riding the Wave: A strong company engaged in a token sale built upon a popular blockchain with the full intention of switching to another blockchain after the token sale. This allows them to ride the wave of popularity around the distribution of a specific token (higher token sale result) while knowing full well that it will never go into production use.
- Young & Dumb: While this group does have a chance at succeeding, they have rushed into a token sale to chase the money. They have placed thought into their idea and their white paper, but it’s based on hopes and dreams with nothing built out. There is the full intention of bringing a product to market, but conceptualizing it into reality is beyond their current motives.
- The Realist: This group has the best chance of succeeding. They have either started to build or have built out their blockchain-based application, they are organized, and have a full plan on how to take their product to market.
According to the co-founder of Ethereum, Vitalik Buterin, it should be a well-known fact in the cryptocurrency industry that most token startups will fail. Buterin estimates at least 90 percent are going to fail. “There are some good ideas, there are a lot of very bad ideas, and there are a lot of very, very bad ideas,” said Buterin, speaking as part of a panel on decentralized technology. “And quite a few scams as well.”
Failed ICOs (Initial Coin Offering)
According to the analysis conducted by the Bitcoin Market Journal, the number of ICOs that have avoided providing such information is high. They evaluated more than 600 token sales and concluded that only 394 completed, or in other word reached their end date.
According to the managing partner at the blockchain asset hedge fund Neutral Capital, Christopher keshian who stated that “As an investor, I assume that when an ICO chooses not to report their token sale, they were not able to hit their raise”.
The fact that people working on ICO didn’t report funding figures, we can’t assume that they have failed.
Many of the ICOs will always fail for the reason of not understanding the use of blockchain and how it works, so if you don’t know the reason why your application is using blockchain and how to choose the framework that will suit your task, probably you will fail many times.
Some reasons behind not reporting raised figures:
- Lack of regulatory reporting standards:
ICOs go through no regulatory obligation to report funding figures or on the economic health of the industry or project, which results in making the analytics regarding ICOs hard to figure out.
Lack of Know-How: Some teams don’t have to Know How to enable a profitable report or to know that they have to announce a report at all.
Others may have concentrated their efforts on producing the ICO documents without considering the division of labor needed for the wrap-up.
lack of time: There is only one-third of ICO’s that were highlighted for no funding report outside of the two months from their ICO end date. This could mean that the companies need more time to complete their reports on raising funds
The most confusing part about this issue of reporting on raised funds is that it could cause more major issues to remain hidden.
According to the latest researches, it is expected that more than 90% of all ICOs will be unsuccessful. There could be many reasons behind the failure of ICOs, such as project technology is hard to reach, management issues, no clear direction of the project.
But in order to reach better transparency, it is not enough to have a white paper published on the web site or post regular social media statements on Twiter or Facebook, startup companies need to issue regular profit reports as well as quarterly statements.
ICOs will still grow while some ICOs will actually fall all you have to do is decide which ICO you are going to invest on, always be careful and do your own research and takes some guides too.